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Title The Supreme Court sourcebook / Richard Seamon, professor of law, University of Idaho College of Law; Andrew Siegel, associate professor of law, Seattle University School of Law; Joseph Thai, presidential professor of law, University of Oklahoma College of Law; Kathryn Watts, Garvey Schubert Barer Pofessor of Law, University of Washington School of Law

Author Seamon, Richard H., 1959-
Publisher New York : Wolters Kluwer Law & Business, [2013]
Table of Contents
 Prefacexxiii
 Acknowledgmentsxxv
ch. 1 A Supreme Court1
A.External Perspective1
 Aharon Barak, Foreword: A Judge on Judging: The Role of a Supreme Court in a Democracy1
 Notes and Questions4
B.Early Disagreement6
 Alexander Hamilton, The Federalist No. 787
 James Madison, Address to U.S. House of Representatives: Amendments to the Constitution8
 Marbury v. Madison9
 Thomas Jefferson, Letter to Spencer Roane10
 Andrew Jackson, Veto Message Regarding the Bank of the United States10
 Notes and Questions11
C.A Modern Difficulty13
 Alexander M. Bickel, The Least Dangerous Branch: The Supreme court at the Bar of Politics13
 Rebecca L. Brown, Accountability, Liberty, and the Constitution14
 Notes and Questions16
D.The Supreme Court of the United States17
ch. 2 The Justices21
A.The Justices Throughout History: A Group Portrait22
B.Selecting the Justices24
1.An Evolving Process: A Short History of Supreme Court Nominations24
2.Presidential Selection28
 David Alistair Yalof, Pursuit of Justices: Presidential-Politics and the Selection of Supreme Court Nominees30
 Tony Mauro, Bush Got a Conservative High Court, with Caveats34
 Notes and Questions37
3.Senate Confirmation39
a.The Campaign for the Hearts and Minds of the Public40
 Sen. Edward Kennedy, Robert Bork's America40
 Andrew M. Siegel, Nice Disguise: Auto's Frightening Geniality41
 Sonia Sotomayor, A Latina Judge's Voice44
 Notes and Questions50
b.Nominees Present Themselves: Statements Before the Senate Judiciary Committee50
 Statement of John Roberts51
 Statement of Clarence Thomas52
 Statement of Ruth Bader Ginsburg54
 Statement of Sonia Sotomayor56
 Notes and Questions57
c.Questioning Before the Judiciary Committee58
 Excerpt from the Sotomayor Hearings59
 Notes and Questions69
d.The Confirmation Vote70
 David A. Strauss & Cass R. Sunstein, The Senate, the Constitution, and the Confirmation Process71
 John C. Easfman, The Limited Nature of the Senate's Advice and Consent Role72
 Marcia Greenberger Hearing Remarks72
 Sen. Barack Obama, Floor Remarks on the Roberts Nomination73
 Sen. Barack Obama, Floor Remarks on the Alito Nomination75
 Sen. Lindsey Graham, Floor Remarks on the Sotomayor Nomination76
C.The Current Justices79
1.Chief Justice John G. Roberts79
2.Justice Antonin Scalia81
3.Justice Anthony Kennedy83
4.Justice Clarence Thomas85
5.Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg86
6.Justice Stephen Breyer87
7.Justice Samuel Alito89
8.Justice Sonia Sotomayor90
9.Justice Elena Kagan91
ch. 3 Jurisdiction,93
A.Article III's Distribution of Original and Appellate Jurisdiction to the Court93
B.Original Jurisdiction94
1.Statute and Court Rule94
a.Statute94
 28 U.S.C. [§]125194
 Notes and Questions95
b.Court Rule96
 Notes and Questions96
2.Marbury v. Madison97
 Marbury v. Madison97
 Notes and Questions99
3.Controversies Between Two or More States99
 Charles Warren, The Supreme Court and Sovereign States99
 Rhode Island v. Massachusetts100
 Notes and Questions102
 Missouri v. Illinois102
 Notes and Questions103
 Ohio v. Wyandotte Chemicals Corp.104
 Notes and Questions107
 Maryland v. Louisiana108
 Notes and Questions112
4.Actions by the United States Against a State114
 United States v. Texas114
 Notes and Questions116
5.Actions by a Foreign State Against a State117
 Principality of Monaco v. Mississippi117
 Notes and Questions119
6.Actions by a Native American Tribe Against a State120
 Cherokee Nation v. Georgia120
 Notes and Questions121
7.Actions by a State Against a Citizen of Another State122
 South Carolina v. Katzenbach122
 Notes and Questions122
C.Appellate Jurisdiction123
1.Review of Federal Court Decisions123
a.Overview123
b.Statutes124
 28 U.S.C. [§]1254124
 28 U.S.C. [§]2101125
c.Summary of Five Restrictions on Court's Review of Cases from the Federal Courts of Appeals125
d.The Requirement of a Case "in" a Court of Appeals126
 United States v. Nixon126
 Notes and Questions128
e.The Rule Disfavoring Review of Nonfinal Judgments of the Courts of Appeals130
 United States v. Virginia130
 Virginia Military Institute v. United States131
 Notes and Questions132
f.The Rule Disfavoring Grant of Petition by Party Prevailing in the Court of Appeals133
 Camreta v. Greene133
 Note & Question139
g.The Rule Disfavoring Review of Determinations of State Law by Courts of Appeals139
 Leavitt v. Jane L.139
 Notes and Questions141
h.The Rule Disfavoring Review of Issues Not Pressed or Passed Upon Below141
 United States v. Williams141
 Notes and Questions144
 Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission144
 Notes and Questions146
2.Review of State Court Decisions147
a.Statutes147
 28 U.S.C. [§]1257147
 28 U.S.C. [§]2101147
 Notes and Questions148
b.The "Pressed or Passed Upon" Rule149
 Illinois v. Gates149
 Notes and Questions153
c.The Adequate and Independent State Ground Doctrine154
 Herb v. Pitcairn154
 Notes and Questions156
 Michigan v. Long158
 Notes and Questions161
d.The Finality Requirement163
 Cox Broadcasting Corp. v. Cohn163
 Notes and Questions168
 Flynt v. Ohio168
 Notes and Questions170
ch. 4 Certiorari173
A.Historical Development of the Court's Certiorari Docket174
1.The Introduction of Certiorari via the Evarts Act of 1891174
 Forsyth v. City of Hammond175
 Peter Linzer, The Meaning of Certiorari Denials176
2.The Expansion of Certiorari Leading to the Judges' Bill of 1925177
 Dick v. New York Life Insurance Co.178
 Notes and Questions179
3.Supreme Court Case Selections Act of 1988180
4.The Court's Shrinking Docket180
 Margaret Meriwether Cordray & Richard Cordray, The Supreme Court's Plenary Docket181
 Notes and Questions182
B.Substantive Considerations Impacting Certiorari Decisions: What Makes a Case Certworthy?184
1.Rule-Based Considerations184
 Rule 10. Considerations Governing Review on Certiorari184
a.Conflict and Importance185
 Amanda Frost, Overvaluing Uniformity185
 Notes and Questions187
b.Legal Rather Than Factual, Issues188
 Dick v. New York Life Insurance Co.189
 Notes and Questions191
2.Other Considerations: Ideological, Strategic and Jurisprudential Factors191
 Margaret Meriwether Cordray & Richard Cordray, The Philosophy of Certiorari: Jurisprudential Considerations in Supreme Court Case Selection191
 Margaret Meriwether Cordray & Richard Cordray, Setting the Social Agenda: Deciding to Review High-Profile Cases at the Supreme Court201
 Notes and Questions203
C.Procedural Considerations: The Process of Deciding to Decide.204
1.Preparation and Filing of Certiorari Briefs by the Litigants204
a.Drafting Petitions for Certiorari205
 Timothy S. Bishop, Jeffrey W. Sarles & Stephen J. Kane, Tips on Petitioning for Certiorari in the U.S. Supreme Court205
b.Drafting Briefs in Opposition and Reply Briefs208
 Timothy S. Bishop, Jeffrey W. Sarles & Stephen J. Kane, Tips on Petitioning and Opposing Certiorari in the U.S. Supreme Court208
c.Sample Cert Filings from Bowers v. Hardwick211
i.The Petition for a Writ of Certiorari212
ii.The Brief in Opposition218
iii.The Reply Brief224
 Notes and Questions226
2.In-Chambers Review of Cert Papers and the Role of the Cert Pool226
a.An Introduction to the Cert Pool227
 William H. Rehnquist, The Supreme Court227
 Barbara Palmer, The "Bermuda Triangle?" The Cert Pool and Its Influence over the Supreme Court's Agenda228
b.Sample Certiorari Memos234
i.Cert Pool Memo in Bowers235
ii.Memo to Justice Powell from His Law Clerk in Bowers248
iii.Cert Pool Memo in Perreault v. Fishman250
 Notes and Questions251
3.The Discuss List252
 Gregory Caldeira & John R. Wright, The Discuss List: Agenda Building in the Supreme Court253
4.Voting at Conference and the Rule of Four254
 John Paul Stevens, The Life Span of a Judge-Made Rule255
 David M. O'Brien, Join-3 Votes, the Rule of Four, the Cert. Pool, and the Supreme Court's Shrinking Plenary Docket259
 Notes and Questions260
D.Certiorari Denials261
1.The (In?)significance of Cert Denials261
 Maryland v. Baltimore Radio Show261
 Doris Marie Provine, Case Selection in the United States Supreme Court262
 Notes and Questions263
2.Dissents from Denials of Certiorari263
 Singleton v. Commissioner of Internal Revenue264
 Notes and Questions266
E.Proposals for Certiorari Reform a266
1.The Freund Report's Attempt to Deal with an Overloaded Docket267
 Federal Judicial Center, Report of the Study Group on the Caseload of the Supreme Court267
 Notes and Questions270
2.Current Calls for Cert Reform in an Era of a Shrunken Docket270
 Paul D. Carrington & Roger C. Cramton, Judicial Independence in Excess: Reviving the Judicial Duty of the Supreme Court270
 Notes and Questions272
 Amanda Tyler, Setting the Supreme Court's Agenda: Is There a Place for Certification?273
 Notes and Questions276
 Richard J. Lazarus; Docket Capture at the High Court276
 Notes and Questions280
 Kathryn A. Watts, Constraining Certiorari Using Administrative Law Principles281
 Notes and Questions285
ch. 5 Wtitten Advocacy287
A.The Briefing Schedule288
 Rule 25. Briefs on the Merits: Number of Copies and Time to File289
B.Merits Briefs290
1.Elements of the Brief291
 Rule 24. Briefs on the Merits: In General291
 Notes and Questions292
2.Preparing an Effective Merits Brief295
a.The Advocate's Task295
 James van R. Springer, Some Suggestions on Preparing Briefs on the Merits in the Supreme Court of the United States295
 Notes and Questions298
b.Focus on Principle299
 Wiley Rutledge, The Appellate Brief299
 Notes and Questions300
c.Framing the Case302
 Andrew L. Frey & Roy T. Engelert, Jr., How to Write a Good Appellate Brief302
 Ross Guberman, Five Ways to Write Like Paul Clement304
 Notes and Questions305
3.Advice from the Justices305
 Bryan A. Garner, Interviews with the United States Supreme Court Justices305
 Notes and Questions310
4.Sample Merits Briefs from Lawrence v. Texas310
 Excerpts from the Petitioners' Brief311
 Notes and Questions328
 Excerpts from the Respondent's Brief330
 Notes and Questions348
 Excerpts from the Reply Brief349
 Notes and Questions356
C.Amicus Briefs356
1.The Role of the Amicus357
 Rule 37. Brief for an Amicus Curiae357
 Linda Sandstrom Simard, An Empirical Study of Amici Curiae in Federal Court: A Fine Balance of Access, Efficiency, and Adversarialism357
 Paul M. Smith, The Sometimes Troubled Relationship Between Courts and Their "Friends"362
 Notes and Questions366
2.Effective Amicus Briefing368
 Joseph D. Kearney & Thomas W. Merrill, The Influence of Amicus Curiae Briefs in the Supreme Court368
 Kelly J. Lynch, Best Friends? Supreme Court Law Clerks on Effective Amicus Curiae Briefs373
 Jonathan Groner, How University Got Support of Military Leaders: Diversity Brief by Ex-Officials Came Together over Four Years377
 Notes and Questions379
3.Sample Amicus Briefs380
 The "Generals' Brief" in Grutter v. Bollinger381
 The "Historians' Brief" in Lawrence v. Texas384
 The Brief of Alabama and Several Other States in Roper v. Simmons389
 Notes and Questions394
ch. 6 Oral Argument397
A.Setting the Stage397
1.The Supreme Court Building398
 Jeffrey Toobin, The Nine: Inside the Secret World of the Supreme Court398
 Notes and Questions399
2.The Supreme Court Courtroom399
B.Court Rules401
 Rule 28. Oral Argument401
 Notes and Questions402
C.What Should Happen Before and At Oral Argument402
1.The Court's Guide for Counsel403
 U.S. Supreme Court, Guide for Counsel in Cases to Be Argued Before the Supreme Court of the United States403
 Notes and Questions408
2.Advice from Experts409
a.The Purposes of Oral Argument409
 Stephen M. Shapiro; Oral Argument in the Supreme Court of the United States409
 William H. Rehnquist, The Supreme Court411
 Notes and Questions411
b.Preparing for Oral Argument412
 Richard H. Seamon, Preparing for Oral Argument in the United States Supreme Court412
 Notes and Questions.415
c.Delivery of Oral Argument416
 John G. ,Roberts, Jr., Thoughts on Presenting an Effective Oral Argument416
 Notes and Questions418
 David C. Frederick, Supreme Court and Appellate Advocacy422
 Notes and Questions423
D.What Does Happen at Oral Argument424
 Lawrence v. Texas, Oral Argument Transcript425
 Notes and Questions441
E.The Importance of Oral Argument442
1.Evolution of Oral Argument442
 David C. Frederick, Supreme Court and Appellate Advocacy442
 Notes and Questions444
 Rufus Choate, A Discourse Commemorative of Daniel Webster: Delivered Before the Faculty, Students, and Alumni of Dartmouth College, July 27, 1858445
 Notes and Questions447
2.Impact of Oral Argument447
a.Views of the Justices448
 William H. Rehnquist, The Supreme Court448
 Notes and Questions448
b.Views of Political Scientists449
 Timothy R. Johnson, James F. Spriggs II & Paul Wahlbeck, Oral Advocacy Before the United States Supreme Court: Does It Affect the Justices' Decisions?449
3.The Effect of Oral Advocacy Conditional on Justice Ideology451
 Notes and Questions452
ch. 7 Deciding Cases453
A.Process453
1.The Conference453
 William H. Rehnquist, The Supreme Court454
 Notes and Questions458
2.Case Study: Conference in Miranda v. Arizona462
 Del Dickson, The Supreme Court in Conference (1940-1985)463
 Notes and Questions465
3.The Assignment467
 William H. Rehnquist, The Supreme Court467
 John Paul Stevens, Five Chiefs468
 Notes and Questions469
4.Opinion Writing and Negotiation470
 David M. O'Brien, Storm Center: The Supreme Court in American Politics471
 William H. Rehnquist, The Supreme Court473
 Lee Epstein & jack Knight, The Choices Justices Make476
 Notes and Questions485
5.Case Study: Opinion Writing and Negotiation in Miranda v. Arizona487
a.Background487
 Bernard Schwartz, Super Chief. Earl Warren and His Supreme Court A Judicial Biography487
b.Internal Documents490
i.Chief Justice Warren's Conference Notes490
ii.First Paragraph of Chief Justice Warren's Majority Opinion496
iii.Race Removed500
iv.Rigid Rules?502
v.Justice Brennan's Unpublished Concurrence506
vi.Brown and Miranda510
6.Separate Opinions510
 John P. Kelsh, The Opinion Delivery Practices of the United States Supreme Court 1790-1945510
 Antonin Scalia, The Dissenting Opinion519
 Notes and Questions523
B.Model Opinions526
1.Bond v. United States: Rehnquist's Majority Opinion527
 Notes and Questions529
2.Bond v. United States: Breyer's Dissenting Opinion533
 Notes and Questions535
3.Lawrence v. Texas: Kennedy's Majority Opinion536
 Notes and Questions545
4.Lawrence v. Texas: O'Connor's Concurring Opinion547
 Notes and Questions550
5.Lawrence v. Texas: Scalia's Dissenting Opinion551
 Notes and Questions561
6.Lawrence v. Texas: Thomas's Dissenting Opinion564
 Notes and Questions564
7.Zedner v. United States: Alito's Majority Opinion565
 Notes and Questions574
8.Zedner v. United States: Scalia's Dissenting Opinion575
 Notes and Questions576
ch. 8 Contemporary Issues Facing the Court577
A.Diversity at the Court577
1.The Justices577
 Lee Epstein, Andrew D. Martin, Kevin M. Quinn & Jeffrey A. Segal, Circuit Effects: How the Norm of Federal Judicial Experience Biases the Supreme Court578
 Notes and Questions580
2.The Law Clerks583
a.Gender Diversity Among Law Clerks583
 Ruth Bader Ginsburg, The Supreme Court: A Place for Women584
 Notes586
b.Racial Diversity Among Law Clerks586
 Todd C. Peppers, Courtiers of the Marble Palace: The Rise and Influence of the Supreme Court Law Clerk586
 Notes and Questions588
c.Causes of the Lack of Diversity and Potential Solutions588
 Hearings Before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Appropriations for the House of Representatives589
 Jeff Bleich & Kelly Klaus, White Marble Walls and Marble White Males593
 Notes and Questions596
3.The Advocates597
 Richard J. Lazarus, Advocacy Matters Before and Within the Supreme Court: Transforming the Court by Transforming the Bar598
 Notes and Questions602
B.The Court and the Public Eye603
1.Televising the Court604
 Bruce D. Collins, C-SPAN's Long and Winding Road to a Still Un-Televised Supreme Court606
 Robert L. Brown, Just a Matter of Time? Video Cameras at the United States Supreme Court and the State Supreme Courts608
 Notes and Questions611
2.Releasing the Justices' Papers612
 Public Papers of Supreme Court Justices: Assuring Preservation and Access: Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Regulation and Government Information of the Committee on Governmental Affairs613
 Notes and Questions615
3.Confidentiality and Leaks616
a.Controversy Surrounding Closed Chambers616
 Alex Kozinski, Conduct Unbecoming616
 Notes and Questions619
b.Controversy Surrounding Bush v. Gore621
 Edward Lazarus, The Supreme Court's Excessive Secrecy: Why It Isn't Merited621
 Notes and Questions624
c.The Affordable Care Act Case624
 Notes and Questions625
 Appendix A. Selected Constitutional and Statutory Provisions627
 Appendix B. Rules of the Supreme Court of the United States637
 Index675
Location Call number Status
 Biddle  KF8742 .S425 2013    Available
 Biddle  KF8742 .S425 2013 c.2  Available
Phys Desc xxx, 689 pages ; 26 cm
text rdacontent
unmediated rdamedia
volume rdacarrier
Series Aspen coursebook series
Aspen coursebook series.
Notes Includes index
Reprint Preface xxiii
Acknowledgments xxv
ch. 1 A Supreme Court 1
A. External Perspective 1
Aharon Barak, Foreword: A Judge on Judging: The Role of a Supreme Court in a Democracy 1
Notes and Questions 4
B. Early Disagreement 6
Alexander Hamilton, The Federalist No. 78 7
James Madison, Address to U.S. House of Representatives: Amendments to the Constitution 8
Marbury v. Madison 9
Thomas Jefferson, Letter to Spencer Roane 10
Andrew Jackson, Veto Message Regarding the Bank of the United States 10
Notes and Questions 11
C. A Modern Difficulty 13
Alexander M. Bickel, The Least Dangerous Branch: The Supreme court at the Bar of Politics 13
Rebecca L. Brown, Accountability, Liberty, and the Constitution 14
Notes and Questions 16
D. The Supreme Court of the United States 17
ch. 2 The Justices 21
A. The Justices Throughout History: A Group Portrait 22
B. Selecting the Justices 24
1. An Evolving Process: A Short History of Supreme Court Nominations 24
2. Presidential Selection 28
David Alistair Yalof, Pursuit of Justices: Presidential-Politics and the Selection of Supreme Court Nominees 30
Tony Mauro, Bush Got a Conservative High Court, with Caveats 34
Notes and Questions 37
3. Senate Confirmation 39
a. The Campaign for the Hearts and Minds of the Public 40
Sen. Edward Kennedy, Robert Bork's America 40
Andrew M. Siegel, Nice Disguise: Auto's Frightening Geniality 41
Sonia Sotomayor, A Latina Judge's Voice 44
Notes and Questions 50
b. Nominees Present Themselves: Statements Before the Senate Judiciary Committee 50
Statement of John Roberts 51
Statement of Clarence Thomas 52
Statement of Ruth Bader Ginsburg 54
Statement of Sonia Sotomayor 56
Notes and Questions 57
c. Questioning Before the Judiciary Committee 58
Excerpt from the Sotomayor Hearings 59
Notes and Questions 69
d. The Confirmation Vote 70
David A. Strauss & Cass R. Sunstein, The Senate, the Constitution, and the Confirmation Process 71
John C. Easfman, The Limited Nature of the Senate's Advice and Consent Role 72
Marcia Greenberger Hearing Remarks 72
Sen. Barack Obama, Floor Remarks on the Roberts Nomination 73
Sen. Barack Obama, Floor Remarks on the Alito Nomination 75
Sen. Lindsey Graham, Floor Remarks on the Sotomayor Nomination 76
C. The Current Justices 79
1. Chief Justice John G. Roberts 79
2. Justice Antonin Scalia 81
3. Justice Anthony Kennedy 83
4. Justice Clarence Thomas 85
5. Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg 86
6. Justice Stephen Breyer 87
7. Justice Samuel Alito 89
8. Justice Sonia Sotomayor 90
9. Justice Elena Kagan 91
ch. 3 Jurisdiction, 93
A. Article III's Distribution of Original and Appellate Jurisdiction to the Court 93
B. Original Jurisdiction 94
1. Statute and Court Rule 94
a. Statute 94
28 U.S.C. [§]1251 94
Notes and Questions 95
b. Court Rule 96
Notes and Questions 96
2. Marbury v. Madison 97
Marbury v. Madison 97
Notes and Questions 99
3. Controversies Between Two or More States 99
Charles Warren, The Supreme Court and Sovereign States 99
Rhode Island v. Massachusetts 100
Notes and Questions 102
Missouri v. Illinois 102
Notes and Questions 103
Ohio v. Wyandotte Chemicals Corp. 104
Notes and Questions 107
Maryland v. Louisiana 108
Notes and Questions 112
4. Actions by the United States Against a State 114
United States v. Texas 114
Notes and Questions 116
5. Actions by a Foreign State Against a State 117
Principality of Monaco v. Mississippi 117
Notes and Questions 119
6. Actions by a Native American Tribe Against a State 120
Cherokee Nation v. Georgia 120
Notes and Questions 121
7. Actions by a State Against a Citizen of Another State 122
South Carolina v. Katzenbach 122
Notes and Questions 122
C. Appellate Jurisdiction 123
1. Review of Federal Court Decisions 123
a. Overview 123
b. Statutes 124
28 U.S.C. [§]1254 124
28 U.S.C. [§]2101 125
c. Summary of Five Restrictions on Court's Review of Cases from the Federal Courts of Appeals 125
d. The Requirement of a Case "in" a Court of Appeals 126
United States v. Nixon 126
Notes and Questions 128
e. The Rule Disfavoring Review of Nonfinal Judgments of the Courts of Appeals 130
United States v. Virginia 130
Virginia Military Institute v. United States 131
Notes and Questions 132
f. The Rule Disfavoring Grant of Petition by Party Prevailing in the Court of Appeals 133
Camreta v. Greene 133
Note & Question 139
g. The Rule Disfavoring Review of Determinations of State Law by Courts of Appeals 139
Leavitt v. Jane L. 139
Notes and Questions 141
h. The Rule Disfavoring Review of Issues Not Pressed or Passed Upon Below 141
United States v. Williams 141
Notes and Questions 144
Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission 144
Notes and Questions 146
2. Review of State Court Decisions 147
a. Statutes 147
28 U.S.C. [§]1257 147
28 U.S.C. [§]2101 147
Notes and Questions 148
b. The "Pressed or Passed Upon" Rule 149
Illinois v. Gates 149
Notes and Questions 153
c. The Adequate and Independent State Ground Doctrine 154
Herb v. Pitcairn 154
Notes and Questions 156
Michigan v. Long 158
Notes and Questions 161
d. The Finality Requirement 163
Cox Broadcasting Corp. v. Cohn 163
Notes and Questions 168
Flynt v. Ohio 168
Notes and Questions 170
ch. 4 Certiorari 173
A. Historical Development of the Court's Certiorari Docket 174
1. The Introduction of Certiorari via the Evarts Act of 1891 174
Forsyth v. City of Hammond 175
Peter Linzer, The Meaning of Certiorari Denials 176
2. The Expansion of Certiorari Leading to the Judges' Bill of 1925 177
Dick v. New York Life Insurance Co. 178
Notes and Questions 179
3. Supreme Court Case Selections Act of 1988 180
4. The Court's Shrinking Docket 180
Margaret Meriwether Cordray & Richard Cordray, The Supreme Court's Plenary Docket 181
Notes and Questions 182
B. Substantive Considerations Impacting Certiorari Decisions: What Makes a Case Certworthy? 184
1. Rule-Based Considerations 184
Rule 10. Considerations Governing Review on Certiorari 184
a. Conflict and Importance 185
Amanda Frost, Overvaluing Uniformity 185
Notes and Questions 187
b. Legal Rather Than Factual, Issues 188
Dick v. New York Life Insurance Co. 189
Notes and Questions 191
2. Other Considerations: Ideological, Strategic and Jurisprudential Factors 191
Margaret Meriwether Cordray & Richard Cordray, The Philosophy of Certiorari: Jurisprudential Considerations in Supreme Court Case Selection 191
Margaret Meriwether Cordray & Richard Cordray, Setting the Social Agenda: Deciding to Review High-Profile Cases at the Supreme Court 201
Notes and Questions 203
C. Procedural Considerations: The Process of Deciding to Decide. 204
1. Preparation and Filing of Certiorari Briefs by the Litigants 204
a. Drafting Petitions for Certiorari 205
Timothy S. Bishop, Jeffrey W. Sarles & Stephen J. Kane, Tips on Petitioning for Certiorari in the U.S. Supreme Court 205
b. Drafting Briefs in Opposition and Reply Briefs 208
Timothy S. Bishop, Jeffrey W. Sarles & Stephen J. Kane, Tips on Petitioning and Opposing Certiorari in the U.S. Supreme Court 208
c. Sample Cert Filings from Bowers v. Hardwick 211
i. The Petition for a Writ of Certiorari 212
ii. The Brief in Opposition 218
iii. The Reply Brief 224
Notes and Questions 226
2. In-Chambers Review of Cert Papers and the Role of the Cert Pool 226
a. An Introduction to the Cert Pool 227
William H. Rehnquist, The Supreme Court 227
Barbara Palmer, The "Bermuda Triangle?" The Cert Pool and Its Influence over the Supreme Court's Agenda 228
b. Sample Certiorari Memos 234
i. Cert Pool Memo in Bowers 235
ii. Memo to Justice Powell from His Law Clerk in Bowers 248
iii. Cert Pool Memo in Perreault v. Fishman 250
Notes and Questions 251
3. The Discuss List 252
Gregory Caldeira & John R. Wright, The Discuss List: Agenda Building in the Supreme Court 253
4. Voting at Conference and the Rule of Four 254
John Paul Stevens, The Life Span of a Judge-Made Rule 255
David M. O'Brien, Join-3 Votes, the Rule of Four, the Cert. Pool, and the Supreme Court's Shrinking Plenary Docket 259
Notes and Questions 260
D. Certiorari Denials 261
1. The (In?)significance of Cert Denials 261
Maryland v. Baltimore Radio Show 261
Doris Marie Provine, Case Selection in the United States Supreme Court 262
Notes and Questions 263
2. Dissents from Denials of Certiorari 263
Singleton v. Commissioner of Internal Revenue 264
Notes and Questions 266
E. Proposals for Certiorari Reform a 266
1. The Freund Report's Attempt to Deal with an Overloaded Docket 267
Federal Judicial Center, Report of the Study Group on the Caseload of the Supreme Court 267
Notes and Questions 270
2. Current Calls for Cert Reform in an Era of a Shrunken Docket 270
Paul D. Carrington & Roger C. Cramton, Judicial Independence in Excess: Reviving the Judicial Duty of the Supreme Court 270
Notes and Questions 272
Amanda Tyler, Setting the Supreme Court's Agenda: Is There a Place for Certification? 273
Notes and Questions 276
Richard J. Lazarus; Docket Capture at the High Court 276
Notes and Questions 280
Kathryn A. Watts, Constraining Certiorari Using Administrative Law Principles 281
Notes and Questions 285
ch. 5 Wtitten Advocacy 287
A. The Briefing Schedule 288
Rule 25. Briefs on the Merits: Number of Copies and Time to File 289
B. Merits Briefs 290
1. Elements of the Brief 291
Rule 24. Briefs on the Merits: In General 291
Notes and Questions 292
2. Preparing an Effective Merits Brief 295
a. The Advocate's Task 295
James van R. Springer, Some Suggestions on Preparing Briefs on the Merits in the Supreme Court of the United States 295
Notes and Questions 298
b. Focus on Principle 299
Wiley Rutledge, The Appellate Brief 299
Notes and Questions 300
c. Framing the Case 302
Andrew L. Frey & Roy T. Engelert, Jr., How to Write a Good Appellate Brief 302
Ross Guberman, Five Ways to Write Like Paul Clement 304
Notes and Questions 305
3. Advice from the Justices 305
Bryan A. Garner, Interviews with the United States Supreme Court Justices 305
Notes and Questions 310
4. Sample Merits Briefs from Lawrence v. Texas 310
Excerpts from the Petitioners' Brief 311
Notes and Questions 328
Excerpts from the Respondent's Brief 330
Notes and Questions 348
Excerpts from the Reply Brief 349
Notes and Questions 356
C. Amicus Briefs 356
1. The Role of the Amicus 357
Rule 37. Brief for an Amicus Curiae 357
Linda Sandstrom Simard, An Empirical Study of Amici Curiae in Federal Court: A Fine Balance of Access, Efficiency, and Adversarialism 357
Paul M. Smith, The Sometimes Troubled Relationship Between Courts and Their "Friends" 362
Notes and Questions 366
2. Effective Amicus Briefing 368
Joseph D. Kearney & Thomas W. Merrill, The Influence of Amicus Curiae Briefs in the Supreme Court 368
Kelly J. Lynch, Best Friends? Supreme Court Law Clerks on Effective Amicus Curiae Briefs 373
Jonathan Groner, How University Got Support of Military Leaders: Diversity Brief by Ex-Officials Came Together over Four Years 377
Notes and Questions 379
3. Sample Amicus Briefs 380
The "Generals' Brief" in Grutter v. Bollinger 381
The "Historians' Brief" in Lawrence v. Texas 384
The Brief of Alabama and Several Other States in Roper v. Simmons 389
Notes and Questions 394
ch. 6 Oral Argument 397
A. Setting the Stage 397
1. The Supreme Court Building 398
Jeffrey Toobin, The Nine: Inside the Secret World of the Supreme Court 398
Notes and Questions 399
2. The Supreme Court Courtroom 399
B. Court Rules 401
Rule 28. Oral Argument 401
Notes and Questions 402
C. What Should Happen Before and At Oral Argument 402
1. The Court's Guide for Counsel 403
U.S. Supreme Court, Guide for Counsel in Cases to Be Argued Before the Supreme Court of the United States 403
Notes and Questions 408
2. Advice from Experts 409
a. The Purposes of Oral Argument 409
Stephen M. Shapiro; Oral Argument in the Supreme Court of the United States 409
William H. Rehnquist, The Supreme Court 411
Notes and Questions 411
b. Preparing for Oral Argument 412
Richard H. Seamon, Preparing for Oral Argument in the United States Supreme Court 412
Notes and Questions. 415
c. Delivery of Oral Argument 416
John G. ,Roberts, Jr., Thoughts on Presenting an Effective Oral Argument 416
Notes and Questions 418
David C. Frederick, Supreme Court and Appellate Advocacy 422
Notes and Questions 423
D. What Does Happen at Oral Argument 424
Lawrence v. Texas, Oral Argument Transcript 425
Notes and Questions 441
E. The Importance of Oral Argument 442
1. Evolution of Oral Argument 442
David C. Frederick, Supreme Court and Appellate Advocacy 442
Notes and Questions 444
Rufus Choate, A Discourse Commemorative of Daniel Webster: Delivered Before the Faculty, Students, and Alumni of Dartmouth College, July 27, 1858 445
Notes and Questions 447
2. Impact of Oral Argument 447
a. Views of the Justices 448
William H. Rehnquist, The Supreme Court 448
Notes and Questions 448
b. Views of Political Scientists 449
Timothy R. Johnson, James F. Spriggs II & Paul Wahlbeck, Oral Advocacy Before the United States Supreme Court: Does It Affect the Justices' Decisions? 449
3. The Effect of Oral Advocacy Conditional on Justice Ideology 451
Notes and Questions 452
ch. 7 Deciding Cases 453
A. Process 453
1. The Conference 453
William H. Rehnquist, The Supreme Court 454
Notes and Questions 458
2. Case Study: Conference in Miranda v. Arizona 462
Del Dickson, The Supreme Court in Conference (1940-1985) 463
Notes and Questions 465
3. The Assignment 467
William H. Rehnquist, The Supreme Court 467
John Paul Stevens, Five Chiefs 468
Notes and Questions 469
4. Opinion Writing and Negotiation 470
David M. O'Brien, Storm Center: The Supreme Court in American Politics 471
William H. Rehnquist, The Supreme Court 473
Lee Epstein & jack Knight, The Choices Justices Make 476
Notes and Questions 485
5. Case Study: Opinion Writing and Negotiation in Miranda v. Arizona 487
a. Background 487
Bernard Schwartz, Super Chief. Earl Warren and His Supreme Court A Judicial Biography 487
b. Internal Documents 490
i. Chief Justice Warren's Conference Notes 490
ii. First Paragraph of Chief Justice Warren's Majority Opinion 496
iii. Race Removed 500
iv. Rigid Rules? 502
v. Justice Brennan's Unpublished Concurrence 506
vi. Brown and Miranda 510
6. Separate Opinions 510
John P. Kelsh, The Opinion Delivery Practices of the United States Supreme Court 1790-1945 510
Antonin Scalia, The Dissenting Opinion 519
Notes and Questions 523
B. Model Opinions 526
1. Bond v. United States: Rehnquist's Majority Opinion 527
Notes and Questions 529
2. Bond v. United States: Breyer's Dissenting Opinion 533
Notes and Questions 535
3. Lawrence v. Texas: Kennedy's Majority Opinion 536
Notes and Questions 545
4. Lawrence v. Texas: O'Connor's Concurring Opinion 547
Notes and Questions 550
5. Lawrence v. Texas: Scalia's Dissenting Opinion 551
Notes and Questions 561
6. Lawrence v. Texas: Thomas's Dissenting Opinion 564
Notes and Questions 564
7. Zedner v. United States: Alito's Majority Opinion 565
Notes and Questions 574
8. Zedner v. United States: Scalia's Dissenting Opinion 575
Notes and Questions 576
ch. 8 Contemporary Issues Facing the Court 577
A. Diversity at the Court 577
1. The Justices 577
Lee Epstein, Andrew D. Martin, Kevin M. Quinn & Jeffrey A. Segal, Circuit Effects: How the Norm of Federal Judicial Experience Biases the Supreme Court 578
Notes and Questions 580
2. The Law Clerks 583
a. Gender Diversity Among Law Clerks 583
Ruth Bader Ginsburg, The Supreme Court: A Place for Women 584
Notes 586
b. Racial Diversity Among Law Clerks 586
Todd C. Peppers, Courtiers of the Marble Palace: The Rise and Influence of the Supreme Court Law Clerk 586
Notes and Questions 588
c. Causes of the Lack of Diversity and Potential Solutions 588
Hearings Before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Appropriations for the House of Representatives 589
Jeff Bleich & Kelly Klaus, White Marble Walls and Marble White Males 593
Notes and Questions 596
3. The Advocates 597
Richard J. Lazarus, Advocacy Matters Before and Within the Supreme Court: Transforming the Court by Transforming the Bar 598
Notes and Questions 602
B. The Court and the Public Eye 603
1. Televising the Court 604
Bruce D. Collins, C-SPAN's Long and Winding Road to a Still Un-Televised Supreme Court 606
Robert L. Brown, Just a Matter of Time? Video Cameras at the United States Supreme Court and the State Supreme Courts 608
Notes and Questions 611
2. Releasing the Justices' Papers 612
Public Papers of Supreme Court Justices: Assuring Preservation and Access: Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Regulation and Government Information of the Committee on Governmental Affairs 613
Notes and Questions 615
3. Confidentiality and Leaks 616
a. Controversy Surrounding Closed Chambers 616
Alex Kozinski, Conduct Unbecoming 616
Notes and Questions 619
b. Controversy Surrounding Bush v. Gore 621
Edward Lazarus, The Supreme Court's Excessive Secrecy: Why It Isn't Merited 621
Notes and Questions 624
c. The Affordable Care Act Case 624
Notes and Questions 625
Appendix A. Selected Constitutional and Statutory Provisions 627
Appendix B. Rules of the Supreme Court of the United States 637
Index 675
20130708
Subject United States. Supreme Court.
Courts of last resort -- United States.
Alt Author Siegel, Andrew (Law teacher)
Thai, Joseph.
Watts, Kathryn A., 1976-
Alt Series 2013010720
ISBN 9781454806097
1454806095